We are excited to share the Weill Cornell Medicine abstractsfor this year's Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) meeting, May 5-8, 2018 in Toronto, Canada. Once again, a number of Weill Cornell Medicine faculty, residents, fellows and staff particpated in this year's sessions to learn and share best practices in clinical care, education, patient safety, and research to ultimately improve care for our young patients and their families.
Peanut allergy is becoming increasingly common in the United States, with a tripling in reported peanut allergy prevalence over 11 years. In 2015, for the first time, a landmark study provided evidence of an intervention that significantly reduces the risk of developing peanut allergy. What is this miracle treatment? As it turns out, it is peanut, early and often! Read on to learn whether your child might benefit from early introduction of peanut, and what role the allergist plays in facilitating introduction of peanut and other allergenic foods.
When should I introduce peanut to my infant?
Based on convincing evidence (detailed at the end of this document) that early introduction of peanut reduces risk of developing peanut allergy in at-risk infants, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has created guidelines for introduction of peanut as follows:
Two thirds of children in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) who receive transfusions of platelets—a component of the blood that helps it to clot—do so to prevent bleeding, according to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian investigators. The other third of patients receive the transfusions to stop active bleeding.
Some children who receive platelet transfusions for preventive, or prophylactic, purposes may not need them, said the study’s lead author Dr. Marianne Nellis, an assistant professor of pediatrics at Weill Cornell Medicine and a pediatric intensivist at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center.
Child health research spotlight: Dr. Anjali Rajadhyaksha knows the effects of drug addiction, having lost a neighbor to the disease. Now a neuroscientist, she and her team hope to develop therapies to help those most vulnerable to dependence.
“It really takes teamwork and togetherness, which is what I have in my lab. They’re troubleshooting with me,” said Dr. Rajadhyaksha, an associate professor of neuroscience and of neuroscience in pediatrics. “We are always thinking about that individual who is addicted, and how can we help.”
View Dr. Rajadhyaksha's We Are WCM video:
Using the social media hashtag, #WeAreWCM, read more stories to discover the faces behind the medicine and how they are paving the future for innovative healthcare
Bullying is one of the most common traumatic challenges faced by children today. In fact, New York state has the second highest rate of reported bullying for children in grades K through 12.
The majority of bullying takes place at school. Here, the Weill Cornell Medicine Department of Pediatrics provides simple strategies for parents and children to deal with bullying issues, in preparation for the start of the new school year.
The goal of Pediatric IBD Research Day is to bring together our pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition communities to identify gaps in knowledge in pediatric IBD, foster research collaborations and generateideas for future research studies.
The first five years of this annual event have been very successful. Dr. Neera Gupta conceived of and developed each program's agenda. The event has grown to approximately 90 attendees annually. Participants include pediatric and adult gastroenterology physicians, fellows, nurse practitioners,nurses, residents, medical students, research study coordinators, pediatric endoscopy nurses,dieticians,socialworkers and nongastroenterology physicians and fellows. The majority of the attendees have come from across the United States, though several have travelled from other countries including Canada, Israel and Australia.
We all know that when school starts, so can the runny noses and coughs. Missed school days are most commonly due to infections such as the common cold and the flu, but there are ways to help prevent your child from getting sick. Here is a list of tips to keep your children healthy so that they can avoid those miserable sick days at home!
How can I protect my child from getting sick during the school year?
One of the most important and effective things you can do is VACCINATE your child. Vaccines have dramatically decreased the number and types of infections that children get, and are the best way to prevent your child from picking up an infection at school. Unfortunately, we are still seeing outbreaks due to infections such as measles and whooping cough as a result of children not getting vaccinated. Make sure you discuss with your pediatrician which vaccines your child needs. Also check out the CDC vaccine quiz (https://www2a.cdc.gov/vaccines/childquiz/.
Another important activity you and your children can do is to keep hands clean and prevent the spread of bacteria and viruses through HANDWASHING.
Handwashing – the WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, WHY, and HOW
WHO should wash their hands? Everyone! It’s easy to do and will work best if everyone does it.
This course is a comprehensive overview and discussion of the evaluation; management; and medical, surgical, and radiation treatments of the pituitary tumor. The conference will comprise lectures, case-based talks, and Q&A panel sessions.
The pituitary gland plays an enormously important role in human development, the maintenance of various essential physiologic functions, and aging and senescence. Hence, the health of the pituitary gland is critical at all stages of human life. For this reason, there are a variety of pituitary disorders that can have profound impact on multiple organ systens at different ages.
General practitioners and even specialists in endocrinology may not be fully aware of the widespread impact of the pituitary gland in health and disease; the function of this course is to educate and inform a general medical audience on pituitary disease.
The Rajadhyaksha Lab, led by Dr. Anjali Rajadhyaksha, is focused on how calcium signaling mechanisms in the brain contribute to cocaine- and mood-related behaviors. This is of particular importance and high significance given the link in patients between the Cav1.2 and Cav1.3 genes, CACNA1C and CACNA1D, and neuropsychiatric disorders including bipolar disorder accompanied with high incidence of substance abuse. The lab is utilizing animal models in combination with highly innovative genetic, cellular and molecular techniques to identify the neural circuitry and molecular mechanisms to better understand how genetic predisposition can contribute to addiction and neuropsychiatric illness. Her group’s hope is that a better understanding of the brain at the molecular level will aid in therapeutic strategies for treating addiction and co-occurring mood-related conditions.
Meet the lab team and learn more about their work at the Lab's newly launched webpage:
Weill Cornell Medicine investigators David Lyden, MD, PhD, the Stavros S. Niarchos Professor in Pediatric Cardiology and a professor of pediatrics, and Ari Melnick, MD, the Gebroe Family Professor of Hematology/Oncology and a professor of medicine, have been awarded Outstanding Investigator Awards from the National Cancer Institute.
The NCI’s Outstanding Investigator Awards were created to support leaders in cancer research who are developing applications that may lead to major breakthroughs. Each award recipient is given $600,000 per year for seven years to fund their research. Drs. Lyden and Melnick are two of 20 researchers around the country who received Outstanding Investigator Awards this year.